Who are the creators of Broken Window theory?
It was a theory introduced by social scientists named James Q. Wilson and George L. Keiling in 1982. They wrote an article that created divisions among people whether it was appropriate or not. Debates have been conducted but there was no conclusion made, its appropriateness remained in question. Despite its questionable effectiveness in resolving crimes, it was used as inspiration by police officials in New York City.
What is Broken Windows?
Broken Windows is considered as an anti-social behavior which requires the monitoring of urban environments and their activities.
Broken Windows prohibits anyone from:
Or what might be considered small crimes
The Social Experiment
Broken Windows is all about preventing bigger problems by addressing them while they are small. It encourage the people to help in keeping the peace and order in the city, because the presence of police alone will not be sufficient. A social experiment conducted in Bronx and Palo Alto to see how people will treat an abandoned vehicle. A Standford psychologist, Philip Zimbardo placed a car with no license plates in both areas. In Bronx, the people devoured the car in minutes, there were families involved including their children in getting the parts and sell-able materials of the automobile. While in Palo Alto, the car was untouched until Zimbardo wrecked it with a sledgehammer and people joined him including professional looking individuals. It has shown how people got used to small crimes in Bronx which they became immune with. And Palo Alto shows that regardless how civilized the community, it can still be stained when people forget their obligations and regard to property and ownership.